Hemp vs cotton, which is best for cultivating at scale?
Both have been cultivated for centuries as food and fiber plants. Where are they grown? What’s environmentally friendly? Which has fibers? What’s best for upholstery? Keep reading to get the answers to those questions and much more…
Hemp refers to types of the cannabis plant which are developed for business and industrial purposes like health and clothes foods. It’s much like flax, jute, or ramie. Additional types of cannabis have a psychoactive compound called tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the active ingredient in marijuana. Industrial hemp has only trace amounts of THC. An individual does not become high smoking hemp (however it is simple to get a hassle ).
The hemp plant develops from 5 to 15 ft in height and is thin and tall. It’s primarily developed in Europe in addition to China, South America, and North Korea. It’s illegal to grow hemp in the USA except by special license.
The use of hemp could be tracked back to 8000 BC in the Middle East and China in which the fiber has been used for fabrics, ropes, and fishnets, the oil for decorative purposes, and also the seeds. Hemp was used to generating paper. Nowadays, hemp fibers are woven into clothes, cordage, drapes, rope, rugs, burlap, sacking, towels, shoes, and heavy-duty tarpaulins. The seeds have been used for additives, olive oils oil, paint, health foods, cosmetics, cremes, and a plethora of other goods.
Cotton is primarily fiber, food and feed crop that’s native to subtropical and tropical areas around the globe. It’s used to produce a huge array of goods such as towels, sheets, clothing, tarpaulins, tents, cooking oil, shortening, and salad dressing. The meal and hulls are used as fish feed, and poultry, livestock, and as fertilizer. Like hemp, cotton is a plant.
China is now the world’s largest cotton grower, India is next and the U.S. is third. Cotton has been grown from the South, primarily in 17 countries. Texas is the major state. Cotton is the most frequently used natural fiber fabric for clothes. Because it’s so prevalent, cotton will be less costly compared to hemp.
Hemp vs Cotton: Environmental Effect
Cotton is a water and plant. It’s a higher cost than hemp that requires no herbicides and fewer fertilizers or pesticides. Hemp requires much less water, develops quickly (70 to 110 times ), also uses minimal nutrients in the ground. Hemp plant roots aerate the soil, which makes it rich for plants. Hemp will create 1500 lbs of fiber per acre, whereas cotton can create just 500 lbs per acre!
Hemp vs Cotton: Fiber Properties
Hemp fabrics are more absorbent, more durable, more lasting, and much better insulation compared to cotton. They do not stretch out of shape. This house makes hemp an upholstery cloth because it can be pulled tight and stay taut. In which some stretch is desired on the flip side, cotton is excellent for jeans t-shirts and attire.
Cotton fabric is thicker and more comfortable against the skin compared to hemp material. Hemp fiber has a texture to it in its own condition that is spun and is vulnerable to fraying. Hemp has a pronounced odor that some folks do not care for.
Hemp fibers, therefore, are absorbent and have a large surface area. This permits the fiber to dye well and keep its color better than any other material such as linen or cotton.